Tuesday, May 21, 2013

Daegu Modern History Museum, where you can see Daegu's medical history in one place!


It is Daegu that is the center of Korea's modern history.
Especially.. the city is also a place where medicine developed, making its mark in our nation's medical history.
 
100 years ago, when Daegu's medical industry development was accomplished.. are you curious what Daegu looked like back then?

 
'Modern Medical City, Daegu Exhibition' is being held at Daegu Modern History Museum, where Daegu's modern history can be seen in one place, This exhibition started on April 9th and will run until June 30th.
Admission is 'free' !!


[Heo Jun 'The Mirror of Eastern Medicine' ]

Daegu was the center of medicine since the Chosun dynasty. As Yangnyeong thrived, oriental doctors and herb medicine merchants flocked to Daegu, Heo Jun's 'The Mirror of Eastern Medicine' was published twice by the Gyeongsang provincial government office.
Also, medical technology was developed to the extent where a doctor from Yeongnam taught vaccination to a doctor living in Chungcheong-do.

In 1889, Lee Jae Ha established the 'cowpox clinic', an institute for preventing smallpox in Daegu, enforced vaccination, and even published a book called 'Jaeyoungshinpyeon'. This book, which has great significance for being a cowpox book that was published independently at a province, can also be seen at the modern medicine display, Daegu Exhibition. 




[Examination tools used by doctors at the time]

Behind the introduction of Daegu's modern medicine are missionaries and Japanese people. 

Daegu Jae Jung Won, which is the origin of the current Daegu Dongsan Hospital, is the city's first modern hospital.
This hospital opened its doors in December 1899, two years after Dr. Woodbridge Johnson, an American missionary from the Northern Presbyterian Church of the United States, was dispatched to Daegu.  


From this starting point, Jahae Clinic, which is the current Kyeongbuk National University Hospital, was founded in 1910 by the Japanese Residency-General, and from then on, internal medine, surgery, obstetrics, ophthalmology, and dentistry departments were newly installed and modern style medical treatment began.


  [Surgical tools used in surgeries at the time]

Afterwards, Jae Jung Won switched from clinic management to a general hospital system by changing its name to Dongsan Christian Hospital in 1911, establishing a leper house in 1913, and constructing an outpatient clinic in 1927.



[Wooden stethoscope, sphygmomanometer]

And then.. In 1933, Daegu Medical Training Institute, a medical professional school, was founded.


[Medical license of Daegu Medical Professional School's first graduate]

Back then, graduates of Daegu Medical Training Institute were given medical licenses without a separate doctor qualification test. The entrance competition ratio of medical schools was 9 to 1 in average. Out of a total of 841 graduates, 274 were Korean, 564 were Japanese, and 3 were Taiwanese. At the time, medical professional schools were only at  Seoul, Daegu, and Pyeongyang.



[Lee In Sung, Daegu The Humane Hospital operating room/This drawing depicts the surgery scene of Dr. Park Hyun Byong, a friend who worked as an surgeon at The Humane Hospital at the time]




The fact that Daegu left a mark in Korean medical history and served as its centerpiece..
Especially, Korean doctors that worked in Daegu at the time not only learned new medical practices but also served as role models by providing free medical treatment.

Daegu Modern History Museum, where Daegu's proud history, tradition, and culture are all gathered in one place. 


Do you want to 'time travel to modern Daegu'? 

Right now~ To Daegu Modern History Museum Go Go!!


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